A fairytale is a short story with magic, imagination, fantasy and enchantment. Fairytales are known as marchen from the Germans. It all started with the Brothers Grimm in the nineteenth century. The Brothers Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm went around Germany gathering their tales from peasants. They would also invite story tellers to their home and the brothers would listen and note down what they heard. Jacob and Wilhelm dedicated themselves to the study of ancient German Literature and folklore. They were influenced by people such as Clemens Brentano who was a talented poet. Fairytales were not just for the audience of adults, there were children fairytales. The children fairy tales were about giants, dwarfs, monsters magic places, and enchantments. There was also animal fables in which different animals such as a fox, wolf, dog, cat, and mouse etc. would appear. Many of the fairytales were of French origin because the Hasenpflugs were of Huguenot ancestry spoke French at home. The Hasenpflugs were of influence to the Brothers Grimm. The Brothers Grimm took the stories that they heard and made it into something of their own this is called appropriation. The Brothers Grimm version of Sleeping Beauty in 1812 is shorter and a more prudent version with proper behaviors for females and males. They took this story and made it into their own. The Disney version in 1959 is more of male dominance and has the idea of “some day my prince will come. Disney took sleeping beauty and made into a version in which the audience would be more drawn too. In a fairy tale there is content, structure, and function. Fairy tales have been adapted based on the Zeitgeist to change societies views on fairytales. Fairytales introduce original tales and people create fairytales with modern morals. In fairy tales there are extremes and contrasts. There are dreadful punishments and rewards. The tendency towards extremes and contrast are metals and minerals, cities, castles etc. It is to make feelings and relationships into objects and become visible. There is definiteness, firmness and clarity in fairytales. Fairy tales show a clearly and neatly fashioned world. Fairy tales give girls hope that one day they will find a prince and a happy ending will happen to them. Fairytales are an escape from peoples reality’s.
September 9, 2012